The Quba Mosque (Arabic: مسجد قباء, Masjid Qubā’), in the outlying environs of Medina in Saudi Arabia, is one of the oldest mosques in the world. According to legend, its first stones were positioned by the Islamic prophet Muhammad as soon as he arrived on his emigration from the city of Mecca to Medina and the mosque was completed by his companions. Muhammad spent 14 days in this mosque during the Hijra praying qasr (a short prayer) while waiting for Ali to arrive in Medina after the latter stayed behind in Mecca to carry out a couple of tasks entrusted to him by the Prophet.
According to Islamic tradition, performing wudu in one’s home then offering two rakaʿāt of nafl prayers in the Quba Mosque is equal to performing one Umrah.
Muhammad used to go there, riding or on foot, every Saturday and offer a two rak’ah prayer. He advised others to do the same, saying, “Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in the Mosque of Quba, he will have a reward like that of an ‘Umrah.” This hadith is reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Al-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah and Hakim al-Nishaburi.
The prayer hall is arranged around a central courtyard, characterised by six large domes resting on clustered columns. A portico, which is two bays in depth, borders the courtyard on the east and west, while a one-bayed portico borders it on the north, and separates it from the women’s prayer area.
The women’s prayer area, which is surrounded by a screen, is divided into two parts as a passageway connects the northern entrance with the courtyard.
When Quba Mosque was rebuilt in 1986, the Medina architecture was retained – ribbed white domes, and basalt facing and modest exterior – qualities that recalls Madina’s simplicity. The courtyard, is flagged with black, red and white marble. It is screened overhead by day from the scorching heat with shades. Arabesque latticework filters the light of the palm groves outside. Elements of the new building include work by the Egyptian architect Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil and the Stuttgart tensile architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch, a student of Frei Otto.
Mentions in the hadith
The merits of Masjid Quba are mentioned in nineteen Sahih al-Bukhari hadiths; thirteen Sahih Muslim hadiths; two Sunan Abu Dawood hadiths; six Al-Muwatta hadiths.
Muhammad frequented the mosque and prayed there. This is referred to in a number of hadith:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Dinar: Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of Quba every Saturday (sometimes) walking and (sometimes) riding.” ‘Abdullah (Ibn ‘Umar) used to do the same
Collected by Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 2, Book 21, Number 284
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of Quba (sometimes) walking and sometimes riding. Added Nafi (in another narration), “He then would offer two Rakat (in the Mosque of Quba).”
Collected by Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 2, Book 21, Number 285
Pics By Adiput (talk) – I (Adiput (talk))
created this work entirely by myself using Olympus camera.,
Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10895149
By Shipmaster – Own work,
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2827506
By Abdelrhman 1990 – Own work,
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7355468